guy with headphonesMelody can be vocals sang or spoke, instrumental, or effects. Use natural rhythm and pitch in words to create melody. Read lyrics out loud with emotion. Make the high notes higher and the low notes lower. Exaggerate the rhythm. The highest note played at one time is the melody. Use notes from the chords in the melody. Use chord notes to create a countermelody. Effective melodies have a 3 to 6 note shape. Repeat 2 to 3 melodic phrases in the verse. Melody patterns include AABA, AABAAB, and AABBAAC. Repeat the melody within lines and blocks of lines. Interesting melodies have repetitive rhythms with changing pitches. Variations include adding notes, interval jumps, and starting early or late. Use at most 4 melodic rhythms per section. Vary phrase lengths by adding pauses and words. Beat emphasis on strong beats like 1 and 3 decrease tension. Beat emphasis on weak beats like 2 and 4 increase tension. Repetition increases tension. Variation decreases tension. Major scales create a happy mood and minor scales create a sad mood.

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